Getting teens to eat breakfast on school days will always be a challenge. It comes with the territory. Always has.

Teens are more independent. They're busy juggling schoolwork and social lives. Who has time to bother with breakfast?

Sarah Berghoff McClure, for one. The 16-year-old from Chicago's northern suburbs makes sure she eats a good breakfast; otherwise, "by second period, you'll be starving."

That means she can't do what she sees some teens do. "Some have a cup of coffee, bring it to school, drink that and call it their breakfast," she says. "You have to eat breakfast even if it's just one egg and an apple on the go."

Breakfast "depends on what we have in the house. But if we have waffles, I will cook those. Pancakes sometimes, if my mom is in a really good mood," says Sarah, who follows a gluten-free diet. "What I do on my own is make eggs because eggs are quick, healthy and protein. Generally that's not enough to fill me up so I have these protein shakes I make."

Or she'll scour the refrigerator. "I'll be, like, OK, I have some bread. I'll toast the bread, I'll make an egg, I'll put it on the bread. If I have some bean salad, I'll put like one spoon of the bean salad on it or guacamole or salsa. It's kind of like making a burrito. It's a burrito on the go. That's my favorite breakfast."

While Sarah often cooks her own breakfast, it's mom who makes sure the kitchen's stocked.

Mom is Carlyn Berghoff, mother of three teenagers (and CEO of the Berghoff Catering and Restaurant Group). Carlyn and Sarah co-authored "Cooking for Your Gluten-Free Teen: Everyday Foods the Whole Family Will Love" with Dr. Suzanne P. Nelson and Nancy Ross Ryan.

Just as with many teens, Sarah's breakfasts aren't always consumed at the table, especially when the soon-to-be-junior is running really, really late. "I bring it upstairs with me," she says, "and eat while I put my makeup on."

Making breakfast portable helps. So beyond a fried egg sandwich eaten on the run, consider molletes, open-face sandwiches popular with students in Mexico. Or a fruit bread, such as a gluten-free version, spread with a nut butter or eaten with a fruit-and-yogurt smoothie.


Make these open-face bean sandwiches with your choice of refried beans (leftovers, traditional, vegetarian, etc.). Cooked, drained, crumbled bacon is sometimes used; you'll need 10 to 12 slices. Serve with avocado slices, if you like, and a favorite salsa.

Prep: Heat oven to 450 degrees. Split 6 bolillos lengthwise (or French-type rolls or 5-inch lengths of good French bread). Remove a small amount of each roll's soft interior. Place rolls cut-side down on a baking sheet. Toast lightly in the oven, about 3 minutes.

Build: Using 1 16-ounce can of refried beans, spread cut-side of toasted rolls with refried beans. Sprinkle with bacon, if desired. Sprinkle with 2 cups grated Chihuahua or Monterey Jack cheese. Arrange on baking sheet. Heat in oven until cheese is bubbly and golden, about 10 minutes. Watch carefully so cheese does not burn. Makes: 6 servings

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Banana Bread Squares


1/4 cup unsalted butter

2/3 cup packed brown sugar

2 eggs

1 1/3 cups smoothly mashed very ripe banana, about 3 bananas

1 teaspoon vanilla

1 1/3 cups gluten-free flour with xanthan gum or 1 1/3 cups gluten-free flour mixed with 1 1/2 teaspoons xanthan gum

2 teaspoons dried egg whites

1 teaspoon each: cinnamon, baking powder, baking soda

3/4 teaspoon salt

1/4 teaspoon ground allspice


Heat oven to 350 degrees. Spray a 9- by 9-inch baking pan with nonstick cooking spray. Line bottom with parchment paper; spray parchment with cooking spray. Beat butter and sugar together in a medium bowl until fluffy. Add eggs one at a time, beating well after each addition. Add bananas and vanilla; beat well.

In another medium bowl, whisk flour with dried egg whites, cinnamon, baking powder, baking soda, salt and allspice. Add dry ingredients in batches to banana mixture, beating well after each addition. Batter will be very thick; beat only enough to mix well. Scrape batter into prepared pan. Smooth level with a spatula. Bake until a wooden pick inserted in the center comes out clean, 30 to 35 minutes. Remove from oven; cool on a rack. When cool, cut into 3-inch squares.

Makes: 9 bars

Note: Adapted from "Cooking for Your Gluten-Free Teen" (Andrews McMeel Publishing, $19.99). If you can't find gluten-free flour with xanthan gum, the authors suggest adding 1 teaspoon xanthan gum to each cup of gluten-free flour. Xanthan gum adds volume and moisture to gluten-free baked goods. It can be found at large supermarkets.

Nutrition information per serving: 217 calories, 7 g fat, 4 g saturated fat, 55 mg cholesterol, 38 g carbohydrates, 4 g protein, 422 mg sodium, 3 g fiber