William and Sara Hickman

In this combination of two photos, William and Sara Hickman are escorted out of the FBI office in Northfield on March 15, 2019, after being charged with participating in the ongoing health benefits fraud scheme.

The $50 million South Jersey scheme to defraud the state’s health benefits plan has victimized not just health insurers but also the average consumer.

Nearly two dozen locals have admitted their roles in the fraud case, and seven were indicted earlier this month in a case authorities say used public employees to dupe the state’s health benefits plan into paying for unnecessary prescriptions.

The case, one of many like it being prosecuted across the country, underscores the lure of state-funded health insurance programs. Also clear is that the costs will be borne by the average user.

Health care fraud leads to increased insurance premiums as the cost of the fraud is passed on to consumers, a decrease in coverage for certain medications and a bad reputation for compounded medications.

“The cost is invariably pushed on to the public,” said Tracy Thompson, acting insurance fraud prosecutor for the New Jersey Office of the Attorney General.

Fraud increases costs for the health insurance provider, which leads to higher costs for everyone, said Thomas Vincz, public relations manager for Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Jersey, the insurer for both of New Jersey’s public employee health benefits plans.

Whether you’re one of the 800,000 public employees with state benefits or among the millions of New Jersey residents with private insurance, health care fraud will have an impact on everyone who has insurance.

New Jersey isn’t the only state where this form of prescription fraud is being prosecuted.

Over the summer, then-U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced the largest takedown ever for health care fraud with more than 600 defendants across 58 federal districts charged for their alleged participation in health care fraud schemes involving about $2 billion in false billings. That case included a former gym owner from North Jersey, who admitted to taking part in an almost identical scheme to the one that occurred in the southern part of the state.

When the local health care fraud scheme came to light in 2017, public records requests revealed a substantial increase in the prescription costs billed to Margate’s health insurance plan by its members.

The most alarming jump was from 2014 to 2015, when the costs to the plan for prescriptions rose from $832,409 to $3.5 million while the total number of prescriptions filled only increased from 4,541 to 4,885 over that same period.

Because those prescription costs are incurred by the insurer and not necessarily passed onto the consumer immediately, it makes the impact of the fraud seem less severe. Premiums haven’t increased substantially for city employees, Margate Mayor Mike Becker said.

Instead, they trickle down.

Thompson said defrauding the health care system does not yield a “tit for tat” effect, but any budgetary shortfalls due to fraud are eventually passed to the consumer.

Companies have responded to fraud with increased scrutiny on prescription coverage.

In 2015, health insurers began to scale back their coverage of ingredients used in compounded medications due to this type of fraud, said Keith Hartman, 47, of Galloway Township, owner of the Egg Harbor Township compounding pharmacy Curexa.

“Most of the compounds were made using ‘bulk powders’ and/or specific ingredients, so we monitored the use of those ingredients and, where appropriate made changes to the reimbursement model to bring those rates more in line with rates for other mass-produced medications,” Vincz said. Through a special investigations team and collaborations with law enforcement to combat fraud, Horizon was able to save members and the state “tens of millions of dollars annually in money recovered,” as well as losses avoided through early detection, he said.

New Jersey health policy expert Joel C. Cantor said insurers already put a fair amount of resources into forensic accounting to avoid this type of fraud and he doesn’t see any immediate implication from the latest example, except from the average consumers’ pockets.

“It’s an expense that goes to the bottom line, meaning we end up paying it in our premiums,” said Cantor, professor of public policy and founding director of the Center for State Health Policy at Rutgers University in New Brunswick.

He said the temptation by unscrupulous providers to overprescribe requires vigilance on the part of insurers and patients.

“We should all look at the bills we get, we should all look at the information that we get from our insurers,” Cantor said. “This kind of fraud costs us all.”

Staff Writer Colt Shaw contributed to this report.

Contact: 609-272-7251 CLowe@pressofac.com Twitter @clairelowe

Staff Writer

I began covering South Jersey in 2008 after graduating from Rowan University with a degree in journalism. I joined The Press in 2015. In 2013, I was awarded a NJPA award for feature writing as a reporter for The Current of Hamilton Township.

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