Developing good habits will help you maximize your exercise time.

Did you know that the hours following a workout are essential to helping you maximize your efforts? Yes, your post-exercise behaviors matter greatly.

It is recommended that adults get at least 150 minutes of exercise per week, which averages to about 30 minutes a day. Here’s a list of things you should and shouldn’t do if you want to keep in mind to ensure you don’t fall into traps or habits after workouts that can sabotage your exercise time.

Keep moving

Don’t sit or lay around the rest of the day. Our body needs to move throughout the day while awake. After a period of body inactivity, cells become resistant to insulin, a hormone that serves as a key to allow glucose to enter and serve as energy to fuel its metabolic needs.

Additionally, research has shown that just two hours of sitting decreases our body’s production of an enzyme that converts bad cholesterol to good cholesterol. Increased levels of bad cholesterol contribute to the buildup of fatty plaques inside our artery walls that impede blood flow to our heart and brain.

Don’t pig out, refuel right

Your body’s weight is ultimately a net of calories in versus calories out. If there is a positive balance, there is weight gain and vice versa.

Burning calories with exercise is imperative but can’t overcome bad eating habits. Unfortunately, there is a common misconception that after breaking a sweat, you can eat whatever you want. Wrong!

Physical activity doesn’t burn as many calories as often though, and the foods you eat can contain much more calories than often thought.

The number of calories you burn depends on your weight and type of physical activity. They can be wiped out in just minutes with the wrong food choices.

Make sure to avoid candy, pastries and fast food. Instead, have a healthy snack ready to enjoy after your workout.

Don’t disregard cool-down stretching

Just like starting with stretches is important, stretching following a workout ensures important physical and mental benefits including: increased flexibility, blood circulation, clearance of lactic acid (a waste product), energy, pain prevention, range of motion, muscle coordination, mental clarity and mind-body connection. Optimal stretching can vary from person to person. Aim for the major muscles, from head to toe, so you do not skip a muscle group. Research ways to optimally stretch or consult with a fitness instructor to determine techniques that are best for your body’s needs.

Don’t connect during or immediately following

Texting or talking during a workout is a distraction that can impair your balance and intensity of your workout. If you want to turn up your workout with some tunes, go right ahead. But know that jumping onto your phone to check your texts, emails or social media can dampen your post-workout “euphoria” that results from the release of endorphins.

Don’t weigh

Inflammation from your muscles trying to repair themselves can cause transient weight gain, due to water retention. Seeing you did not drop the pounds you strive to lose can be defeating and may impact your motivation to continue. Instead, weigh yourself the following day.

Don’t stop drinking water

Hydration is essential before, during and after your workout. Being dehydrated can decrease your strength and high intensity endurance during exercise, as well as slow your recovery, muscle protein synthesis and clearance of waste products from muscle damage that occurs after your workout. You need to replace what you lost via sweat.

Don’t drink alcohol

Surprisingly, according to a study, those who exercise frequently tend to drink more than those who do not. But unfortunately, exercise and booze do not go well together. During workouts, micro tears occur in your muscle, which your body then repairs. This results in muscle growing back stronger. But, your body sees alcohol as a poison and energy is spent trying to detox the liquor, instead of repairing muscle, healing and growing. Additionally, alcohol is a diuretic, further dehydrating you.

Don’t skimp on sleep

Getting the right amount of sleep is essential. Your body and mind need a good night of sleep to adequately recharge.

When it comes to your fitness, the time you spend “working out” often gets all the credit, but it shouldn’t. If you know what to do after a workout, you’ll know exactly how to tweak your routine to maximize impact and results.

Dr. Nina Radcliff, of Galloway Township, is a physician anesthesiologist, television medical contributor and textbook author. Email questions for Dr. Nina to editor@pressofac.com with “Dr. Nina” in the subject line. This article is for general information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions and cannot substitute for the advice from your medical professional.

Dr. Nina Radcliff, of Galloway Township, is a physician anesthesiologist, television medical contributor and textbook author. Email questions for Dr. Nina to editor@pressofac.com with “Dr. Nina” in the subject line. This article is for general information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions and cannot substitute for the advice from your medical professional.

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